A republic in northeast Africa,
bordering on the Red Sea. Long under general Ethiopian domination, the
area was occupied by Italy during 1870-85. In 1890, Italian possessions in
the region were consolidated into the colony of Eritrea. In 1936, Eritrea
was absorbed into Italian East Africa. It was occupied by the British in
1941, and overprinted British stamps were used. In 1950, Eritrea became an
autonomous part of Ethiopia, and in 1962 was annexed as a province.
Eritrea never accepted Ethiopian rule, and after a 31-year civil war,
became an independent republic in 1993.