A republic in central Europe, bordering on the Adriatic Sea. Slovenia was a part of Hungary through the Middle Ages and was ruled by Austria after 1526. After World War I, it became part of the independent Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Slovenia issued stamps until 1921, when the first Yugoslav national issues were released.
During World War II, Slovenia was divided between Germany and Italy, both of which issued separate stamps for their zones. After the war, the province was reoccupied by Yugoslavia, and overprinted stamps of the German occupation (Ljubljana), Germany proper, and Hungary were used, until replaced by regular Yugoslav issues.
On June 25, 1991, Slovenia declared
its independence from Yugoslavia. Although Yugoslav military forces
initially attempted to suppress independence, they soon withdrew.
Because it does not abut Yugoslavia and does not have the religious
heterogeneity of other former Yugoslav territories, Slovenia has been
free of the warfare that marked the area in the 1990s. Slovenia quickly
began to integrate with the economy of Western Europe, and in 1997 all
political parties announced their support for the country's membership